Read the story of Prometheus and write how the following characteristics can be found in Prometheus’ story Answer at least 10:
Some characteristics of Greek Myth (Prometheus)
1. Explains a natural phenomenon or creation of something
2. Depicts a struggle between good and evil characters
3. Show a relationship between mortals and the supernatural
4. Hero with a fatal flaw
5. Adventures of a hero
6. Intervention of gods and goddesses
7. Supernatural Activity (underworld, superhuman tasks)
8. Problem caused by greed and jealousy
9. A woman is responsible for causing problems
10. Explanation of how things are now
11. References to the natural world
12. Not always a happy ending
The Story of Prometheus
Prometheus was a Titan, one of the children of Ocean. He and his brother Epimetheus were Zeus‘ and Hera‘s cousins. They were not as powerful as Zeus and Hera and their brothers and sisters, but still had some god-like powers. They were very big, giants (that is why the famous ship was called the Titanic, because it was very big). In the beginning of the world, the Titans lived on the earth. There were no people yet, just the Titans and the animals. Prometheus used to play with clay, sometimes, and one day he made a lot of little people out of clay. He showed them to his cousins, and Zeus liked the little people so much he breathed life into them.
At first the people were very grateful to Zeus and they often gave him sacrifices. But then Prometheus, who loved jokes, told them how they could play a trick on Zeus. Prometheus said, “When you do a sacrifice, take the bones and guts, the parts you can’t eat, and put them in a bag with a nice steak on the top. And in another bag, put all the rest of the steaks, with some bones and guts on top. And ask Zeus to choose which one he wants.”
So the people did this, and Zeus chose the bag with the steak on top (The Greeks used this to explain why they ate the meat from animals they sacrificed to the gods). But when he found he had been tricked, he was very angry. To punish people, he took all the fire away from the earth. The people were very cold, and they could not cook their food. They complained to Prometheus that this was his entire fault.
Prometheus felt sorry for the cold people. And he felt it was pretty much his fault for suggesting this trick. So he snuck up to the sky and he broke off a piece of the sun and he brought it back to earth for people, and that is how people got fire. When Zeus found out what Prometheus had done, he got mad all over again and chained Prometheus to a big rock. (He also punished the people by sending them Pandora).
When Zeus was so angry with Prometheus for giving people fire, he was also mad at the people who had tricked him into taking the wrong bag of meat. Zeus got back at the people by getting Hephaistos to make a beautiful woman, whom he named Pandora (which means all-gifts).
Zeus sent Pandora down to earth and gave her as a present to Prometheus‘ brother, Epimetheus. Zeus told Epimetheus that he should marry Pandora. Also, Zeus sent Pandora with a little box, with a big lock on it (Actually in ancient Greek versions of this story it is a sealed pottery vase). He said not to ever open the box, and he gave the key to Epimetheus.
But Pandora was very curious about what was in the box. She begged Epimetheus to let her open it, but he always said no. Finally one day he fell asleep, and she stole the key (or broke the seal) and opened the box (or vase).Oh! Out of the box flew every kind of trouble that people had never known about before: sicknesses, and worries, and crimes, and hate and envy and all sorts of bad things. The bad things all began to fly away like little bugs, all over the place. Pandora was very sorry now that she had opened the box! She tried to catch the bad things and put them back in the box but it was too late. They all flew away. But the very last thing to fly out of the box, as Pandora sat there crying, was not as ugly as the others. In fact it was beautiful. It was Hope, which Zeus sent to keep people going when all the nasty things got them down
Every day a big eagle would come and eat Prometheus’ liver. But because he was immortal and could not die, every night his liver grew back again, and then the next day the bird ate it again. Prometheus suffered this torture every day for years and years, until finally Herakles released him.