Expository Writing

The following information comes from http://www.stanford.edu/~arnetha/expowrite/info.html

What is Expository Writing?

Exposition is a type of oral or written discourse that is used to explain, describe, give information or inform. The creator of an expository text can not assume that the reader or listener has prior knowledge or prior understanding of the topic that is being discussed. One important point to keep in mind for the author is to try to use words that clearly show what they are talking about rather then blatantly telling the reader what is being discussed. Since clarity requires strong organization, one of the most important mechanisms that can be used to improve our skills in exposition is to provide directions to improve the organization of the text.

Pattern Description Cue Words Graphical Organizer/Sample Passages
Description The author describes a topic by listing characteristics, features, and examples for example, char- acteristics are View
Comparison The author explains how two or more things are alike and/or how they are different. different; in contrast; alike; same as; on the other hand View
Comparison
The author explains how two or more things are alike and/or how they are different. comparison essay usually discusses the similarities between two things, while the contrast essaydiscusses the differences. 
 
Cue Words
different; in contrast; alike; same as; on the other hand

Example of Compare/Contrast Writing

Expository writing has distinct features that distinguish it from creative writing.  The content of an expository essay is factual and straight-forward while the content of a creative story is imaginative and symbolic.  Expository essays are written for a general audience but creative stories are designed for a specific audience.  The writing style of an expository essay is formal, standard and academic, while a creative story uses an informal and artistic style.  The organization of an expository essay is systematic and deliberate; on the other hand, the organization of a creative story is more arbitrary and artistic.  Finally, the most important difference between the two types of writing is the purpose of the text.  An expository essay is written to inform and instruct, while a creative story is written to entertain and captivate.

Description 
The author describes a topic by listing characteristics, features, and examples.
  It provides details about how something looks, feels, tastes, smells, makes one feel, or sounds

Cue Words
for example,
the characteristics are…


Example of Descriptive Writing

Expository essays are written by students to demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of a particular topic.  For example, a student might use a descriptive pattern to emphasize the features and characteristics of a topic.  Sequential writing emphasizes the order of events, listing items in numerical or chronological order.  A writer might use a comparison or contrast pattern to emphasize the similarities or differences between two topics.  A cause and/or effect pattern shows the relationship between events, while a problem/solution pattern shows a different kind of relationship that discusses a problem and suggests solutions.  Variations of these patterns are sometimes used, as well as a combination of patterns to create an expository essay.

Click the link below for more information regarding expository writing.

http://www.differentiatedinstructionactivities.com/2011/02/12/what-is-expository-writing/

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